LIVER CANCER


What is Liver Cancer?

Liver cancers are malignant tumors that grow on the surface or inside of the liver. Liver tumors are discovered on medical imaging equipment (often by accident) or present themselves symptomatically as an abdominal mass, abdominal pain, jaundice, nausea or liver dysfunction.  Liver cancers should not be confused with liver metastases, which are cancers that originate from organs elsewhere in the body and migrate to the liver.

Risk Factors of Liver Cancer

Cirrhosis, excessive alcohol consumption, or chronic Hepatitis B infection can lead to liver cancer.  Also, men are more likely than woman to have liver cancer, and liver cancer tends to occur at a younger age – between 20 and 50.

Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Symptoms are as follows: Sweating, jaundice, abdominal pain, weight loss, hepatomegaly, abdominal mass, emesis, anemia, back pain, itching, and fever.

Diagnosis of Liver Cancer

An ultrasonographic examination or CT scan with or without contrast of the liver is an excellent screening tool. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also provide detailed information. Biopsies give the most accurate diagnosis.

Treatment Options for Liver Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:


At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

PROSTATE CANCER


What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting older men in developed countries and a significant cause of death in elderly men. It is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, there are cases of aggressive prostate cancers.

The specific cause of prostate cancer remains unknown. The primary risk factors are age and family history. Prostate cancer is very uncommon in men younger than 45, but becomes more common with advancing age.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms. Prostate cancer in later stages does cause symptoms, often similar to those of diseases such as benign prostatic hypertrophy. These include frequent urination, nocturia (increased urination at night), difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, hematuria (blood in the urine), and dysuria (painful urination). Prostate cancer is also associated with urinary dysfunction as the prostate gland surrounds the prostatic urethra. Changes within the gland, therefore, directly affect urinary function. Advanced prostate cancer can spread to other parts of the body, possibly causing additional symptoms. The most common symptom is bone pain.

Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer

The only test that can fully confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer is a biopsy. However, prior to a biopsy, less invasive testing can be conducted such as a PSA exam.

Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

BRAIN CANCER


What is Brain Cancer?

A brain tumor is an intracranial solid neoplasm. It is caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division, usually in the brain itself. However, it can also be in blood vessels, cranial nerves, the brain envelopes (meninges), skull, pituitary gland, or pineal gland. Cancer originating from other organs can also spread to the brain and become metastatic tumors.

Brain tumors are often inherently serious and life-threatening because of their invasive and infiltrative character in the limited space of the intracranial cavity. The clinical significance of a malignant or benign neoplasm in the brain differs from those cancerous or non-cancerous neoplasms in other parts of the body. The seriousness of the situation depends on a combination of factors including the type of tumor, its location, its size, and how fast it grows.

Understanding Risk Factors for Brain Cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, the risk of developing primary brain cancer is less than one percent. Risk factors can’t be used to predict whether or not you will get a cancer; they only affect the chances of developing a cancer. The risk factors are as follows:

Chemicals:  certain industrial chemicals or solvents have been linked to an increased risk in developing brain cancer. Those who work in oil refining, rubber manufacturing, and drug manufacturing are at higher risk.

Gender: Certain cancers, like meningiomas, are twice as likely to develop in women.

Symptoms of Brain Cancer

Symptoms from a brain tumor may be similar to those caused by an injury or other unrelated diseases in the brain. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Vision problems may result from a tumor near the optic tract.
Headaches caused by a brain tumor differ from those caused by other diseases. The frequency and intensity of these headaches are different. A noticeable change in the pattern of headaches is more often a sign of a brain tumor.
  • Changes in Vision - Tumors, depending on the size and location may cause abnormal eye movements or changes in vision.
  • Loss of Motor Skill - Speech, hearing, balance, and movement may be affected if tumors grow in certain areas of the brain responsible for motor functions.
  • Nausea and/or Vomiting – This happens when the intracranial pressure increases.
  • Seizures - The onset of seizures can be the result of a tumor forming.
  • General Confusion and Personality Change- A tumor can sometimes impact overall mental condition and result in confusion. Sometimes a tumor on the front part of the brain can cause gradual changes in behavior, personality and thinking.
  • Hormonal Disorders - Tumors within the pituitary gland, which is vital to the production and regulation of hormones, may impact the production and regulation of hormones, resulting in symptoms similar to certain endocrine disorders.

Diagnosis of Brain Cancer

The presence of a combination of symptoms and the lack of corresponding clinical indications of infections or other causes can be an indicator to redirect diagnostic investigation towards the possibility of an intracranial neoplasm.

Imaging plays a central role in the diagnosis of brain tumors: Computed tomography (CT)-scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

The definitive diagnosis of brain tumor can only be confirmed by histological examination of tumor tissue samples obtained either by brain biopsy or open surgery.

Treatment Options for Brain Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

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