GYNECOLOGIC CANCER


What is Gynecologic Cancer?

Gynecologic cancer refers to cancer of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. Gynecologic cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women, affecting approximately 1 in 20 women. In the United States each year 82,000 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer.

Risk Factors of Gynecologic Cancer

Cancer of the Cervix: Molecular and epidemiologic studies have demonstrated a strong relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and invasive carcinomas of the cervix.

Cancers of the Uterine Body: The best-recognized risk factors for the development of the cancer can be related to chronic estrogen exposure. These include oral intake of exogenous estrogen, estrogen-secreting tumors, and low parity.

Ovarian Cancer: In most cases, the exact cause of ovarian cancer remains unknown. The risk of developing ovarian cancer appears to be affected by several factors: genetic mutations, chronic estrogen exposure. The more children a woman have, the lower her risk of ovarian cancer.

Symptoms of Gynecologic Cancer

Cancer of the Cervix, Vagina, and Vulva: The earliest symptom of invasive cervical cancer is usually abnormal vaginal bleeding, often after coitus of vaginal douching. Pain in the pelvis could be symptom.

Cancers of the Uterine Body: Abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Ovarian Cancer: 95% of patients have nonspecific abdominal symptoms.

Diagnosis of Gynecologic Cancer

Cancer of the Cervix, Vagina, and Vulva:  Biopsy is used to diagnose and is an essential step in the diagnosis.

Cancers of the Uterine Body: A diagnosis should be considered in postmenopausal women with any vaginal bleeding, peri-menopausal women with heavy or prolonged bleeding and pre-menopausal women with abnormal bleeding patterns. Outpatient endometrial biopsy leads to the accurate diagnosis.

Ovarian Cancer: Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) and abdominal ultrasonography are the most useful diagnostic examinations.

Treatment Options for Gynecologic Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

STOMACH CANCER


What is Stomach Cancer?

Adenocarcinoma of the stomach was the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide through most of the twentieth century.

Risk Factors of Stomach Cancer

Risk factors include high salt consumption, high nitrate consumption, low dietary vitamin A and C, lack of food refrigeration, Helicobacter Pylori infection, cigarette smoking, precursor lesions, and other occupational and genetic factors. 

Symptoms of Stomach Cancer

Dysphagia, indigestion, early satiety, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, weight loss are the common symptoms.

Treatment Options for Stomach Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

KIDNEY CANCER


What is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney Cancer (Renal Carcinoma) is not a single disease; it is made up of a number of different types of cancer that occur in the kidney, including clear cell, type 1 and type 2 papillary, chromophobe, and oncocytoma. Each year in the United States, there are approximately 31,900 cases of kidney and upper urinary tract cancer, resulting in more than 11,900 deaths.

Risk Factors of Kidney Cancer

A number of environmental, occupational, hormonal, cellular, and genetic factors have been studied as possible causal factors in the development of renal carcinoma. Cigarette smoking has been found to be a risk factor. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of development of renal carcinoma, particularly in women. Analgesic abuse, which is known to be associated with renal pelvis cancer, is also associated with an increased incidence of kidney cancer. There is an increased incidence of renal carcinoma in patients with end-stage renal disease who develop acquired cystic disease of the kidneys.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

Common signs and symptoms of a kidney cancer include: palpable mass in the abdomen, hematuria, and hydronephrosis. There may also be no signs or symptoms, however. A palpable mass is by far the most common sign.

Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer

Diagnostic modalities used to evaluate and stage renal mass lesions have evolved from excretory urography to arteriography, venography, CT, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Biopsy is still the definitive diagnosis method.

Treatment Options for Kidney Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

PANCREATIC CANCER


What is Pancreatic Cancer?

Pancreatic cancer refers to a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas. The most common type of pancreatic cancer, accounting for 95% of these tumors is adenocarcinoma. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death both in the United States and internationally.

Risk Factors of Pancreatic Cancer

Risk factors for pancreatic cancer may include:

Family history: 5–10% of pancreatic cancer patients have a family history of pancreatic cancer. The risk of developing pancreatic cancer increases with age. Most cases occur after age 60, while cases before age 40 are uncommon. Cigarette smoking is a high risk factor with regards to pancreatic cancer. Diets that are low in vegetables and fruits while high in red meat and sugar increase risk as well. Obesity and diabetes mellitus are both risk factors for pancreatic cancer.

Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is sometimes called a "silent killer" because early pancreatic cancer often does not cause symptoms, and the later symptoms are usually nonspecific and varied. Therefore, pancreatic cancer is often not diagnosed until it is advanced. Common symptoms could include: Pain in the upper/mid abdomen that typically radiates to the back; loss of appetite and/or nausea and vomiting; significant weight loss; painless jaundice (yellow tint to whites of eyes and/or yellowish skin in serious cases, possibly in combination with darkened urine); Trousseau sign( in which blood clots form spontaneously in the portal blood vessels, the deep veins of the extremities, or the superficial veins anywhere on the body).

Diagnosis of Pancreas Cancer

Symptoms and lab tests help distinguish and diagnose. Imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT scan) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) can be used to identify the location and form of the cancer.

The definitive diagnosis is made by an endoscopic needle biopsy or surgical excision of the radiologically suspicious tissue.

Treatment Options for Pancreatic Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

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