LUNG CANCER


What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Most cancers that start in lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas that derive from epithelial cells. Worldwide, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women. The main types of lung cancers are small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Risk Factors of Lung Cancer

The most common cause of lung cancer is long-term exposure to tobacco smoke. Nonsmokers account for 15% of lung cancer cases, and these cases are often attributed to a combination of genetic factors, radon gas, asbestos, virus infection and air pollution including secondhand smoke.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

The most common symptoms are shortness of breath, coughing (including coughing up blood and chronic coughing or change in regular coughing pattern), and weight loss. Other symptoms could be: wheezing, chest pain, fatigue, and loss of appetite, hoarse voice, clubbing of the fingernails (uncommon) and difficulty in swallowing.

Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer may be seen on chest radiograph and computed tomography (CT scan). The diagnosis is confirmed with a biopsy. This is usually performed by bronchoscopy or CT-guided biopsy.

Treatment Options for Lung Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

BREAST CANCER


What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is cancer originating from breast tissue, most commonly from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply the ducts with milk. Cancers originating from ducts are known as ducal carcinomas; those originating from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas. While the overwhelming majority of cases in humans are women, men can also develop breast cancer.

Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

The primary risk factors for breast cancer are female sex, age, lack of childbearing or breastfeeding, higher hormone levels, race, economic status and dietary iodine deficiency. The genes associated with hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndromes usually increase the risk slightly or moderately. In more recent years, research has indicated the impact of diet and other behaviors on breast cancer. These additional risk factors include a high-fat diet, alcohol intake, obesity, and environmental factors such as tobacco use, radiation, endocrine disruptors and shiftwork.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

The first noticeable symptom of breast cancer is typically a lump that feels different from the rest of the breast tissue. Indications of breast cancer other than a lump may include changes in breast size or shape, skin dimpling, nipple inversion, or spontaneous single-nipple discharge. Pain is not a reliable tool in determining the presence or absence of breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a particular type of breast cancer which can pose a substantial diagnostic challenge. Symptoms may resemble a breast inflammation and may include itching, pain, swelling, nipple inversion, warmth and redness throughout the breast, as well as an orange-peel texture to the skin, the absence of lump delays detection dangerously.

Another reported symptom complex of breast cancer is Paget's disease of the breast. This syndrome presents as eczematoid skin changes such as redness and mild flaking of the nipple skin. As Paget's advances, symptoms may include tingling, itching, increased sensitivity, burning, and pain. There may also be discharge from the nipple. Approximately half of women diagnosed with Paget's also have a lump in the breast.

The appearance of a new symptom should be taken seriously by both patients and their doctors, because of the possibility of an underlying breast cancer at almost any age.

Treatment Options for Breast Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

HEAD & NECK CANCERS


At FROS we specialize in the treatment of Head and Neck Cancers. Dr. Vincent Yeung has over 30 years of experience in the treatment of Head and Neck Cancers.

What are Head and Neck Cancers?

Head and neck cancer refers to a group of biologically similar cancers that start in the upper aerodigestive tract, including the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity (inside the nose), paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx. Most head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (SCCHN), originating from the mucosal lining (epithelium) of these regions.

Head and neck cancers often spread to the lymph nodes of the neck, and this is often the first (and sometimes only) sign of the disease at the time of diagnosis. These cancers are frequently aggressive in their biologic behavior; patients with these types of cancer are at a higher risk of developing another cancer in the aerodigestive system. Head and neck cancer is highly curable if detected early.

Risk Factors of Head and Neck Cancers

Alcohol and tobacco use are the most common risk factors for head and neck cancer in the United States. Alcohol and tobacco are likely synergistic in causing cancer of the head and neck. Other potential environmental carcinogens include occupational exposures such as nickel refining, exposure to textile fibers, and woodworking.

There are also some other important factors that can lead to head and neck cancer. Excessive consumption of processed meats and red meat were associated with increased rates of cancer of the head and neck in one study, while consumption of raw and cooked vegetables seemed to decrease risk. Nasopharyngeal cancer has also been associated with consumption of salted fish, which may contain high levels of nitrites. Betel-nut chewing is associated with an increased risk of squamous cell cancer of the head and neck. Human papillomavirus (HPV), in particular HPV16, is a causal factor for some head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with nasopharyngeal cancer.

Symptoms of Head and Neck Cancers

Symptoms are as follows: a mass in the neck; neck pain; bleeding from the mouth; sinus congestion (especially with nasopharyngeal carcinoma); bad breath; sore tongue; painless ulcers or sores in the mouth that do not heal; white, red or dark patches in the mouth that will not go away; earache; unusual bleeding or numbness in the mouth; a lump in the lip, mouth or gums; enlarged lymph glands in the neck; slurring of speech (if the cancer is affecting the tongue); hoarse voice which persists for more than six weeks; sore throat which persists for more than six weeks; difficulty swallowing food; change in diet or weight loss.

Diagnosis and Prevention

A patient usually comes to the physician complaining of one or more of the above symptoms. The patient will typically undergo ENT evaluation, imaging studies (CT, Pet CT or MRI), and a biopsy.

Avoidance of recognized risk factors (as described above) is the single most effective form of prevention. Regular dental examinations may identify pre-cancerous lesions in the oral cavity.

When diagnosed early, oral, head and neck cancers can be treated more easily and the chances of survival increase tremendously. It is also believed that HPV vaccines may reduce the risk of HPV induced head and neck cancer.

Treatment Options for Head & Neck Cancers at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

SPINE CANCER


What is a tumor of the Spine?

Spine tumors are neoplasms involving the vertebral bodies of spine or spinal cord. They are mostly metastases from primary cancers elsewhere (commonly breast, prostate or lung cancer).

Symptoms of Spine Cancer

The symptoms seen are due to compression of the cord, nerves, and weakening of the vertebral structure. Incontinence and decreased sensitivity in the saddle area (buttocks) are generally considered warning signs of spinal cord compression by a tumor. Back pain in a patient with known malignancy may prompt X-ray or MRI to confirm or exclude spinal metastasis.

Diagnosis of Spine Cancer

MRI and bone scanning are used for diagnostic purposes. These assess not only the location of the tumor(s) but also their relationship with the spinal cord and the risk of cord compression.

Treatment Options for Spine Cancer at FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center:

At FROS Radiation Oncology Cyberknife Center, our team is committed to bringing leading-edge technology with highly compassionate care to our patients.

Please call us at 1-888-880-6646 today to find the right treatment for you.

 

 

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Flushing, NY 11354
Brooklyn: 1737 Bath Ave
Brooklyn, NY 11214
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New York, NY 10002

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